Tolerance & Time



In which we catalog the different spatial configurations of sites of material extraction (specifically mineral and elemental) and, through abstraction, reveal how each configuration corresponds to the physical properties of the mineral/element, its role in current modes of production as well as its intended use.

We start at the largest scale, that of the extra‐urban. Sites of extraction that are as large as the landscape itself. By using USGS National Elevation Data (NED) and scripting tools such as Grasshopper, it is possible to generate renderings of these uncanny landscapes with an accuracy of within 10 ft resolution. By removing the surface, itself and rendering the landscape with only lines projected obliquely, we abstract these places into pure spatial configurations. Allowing us to start to see that a mine is not just an excavation, it is also proportional to its surrounding mountains. Or that a dam is not just a wall, it is also the reservoir behind it and the valley in front of it.

Tolerance & Time

Afton Love and Feifei Feng explore presence and the human condition through personal depictions of the natural, synthetic, and imaginary.

The two large format works pair the environments of the New Mexican landscape and a West Coast American City together in a conversation at ELL, to consider vastness and entropy; geologic and constructed time; and the intertwined natural and built narrative.